Mussels are natural sentinels assignment help
of the environment. Sessile and filter feeders, they cannot scape any challenge posed by the environment and frequently end up accumulating contaminants and pollutants.
Despite their phylogenetical look at this site distance to humans, many of their biochemical and physiological pathways are highly conserved and they can be an extremely useful surrogate species.
As animal research with mammals gets more and more restricted, bivalves emerge as an important alternative model for environmental and biomedical research.